Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that affects the way the body metabolizes sugar (glucose). It is characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency, leading to high blood sugar. It can cause long-term complications such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney damage.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus FAQ

What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss.

How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?

It's usually diagnosed through blood tests that measure blood sugar levels.

What are the risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes?

Risk factors include being overweight, inactive, and having a family history of diabetes.

Can type 2 diabetes be managed with lifestyle changes?

Yes, adopting a healthy diet and regular exercise can help manage the condition.

Are there natural remedies for type 2 diabetes?

Yes, herbal supplements and traditional remedies can aid in managing blood sugar levels.

What complications can arise from uncontrolled type 2 diabetes?

It can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, and vision issues.

Is type 2 diabetes curable?

It is not curable, but it can be effectively managed with the right treatment and lifestyle adjustments.

Can type 2 diabetes lead to other health problems?

Yes, it can increase the risk of nerve damage, foot problems, and skin conditions.

How often should blood sugar levels be monitored?

It's important to monitor regularly, as advised by a healthcare professional, to track the effectiveness of the treatment.

Can type 2 diabetes be inherited?

There is a genetic component, so it can run in families.

What is the role of insulin in managing type 2 diabetes?

In some cases, insulin injections may be needed when other treatments are not sufficient.

Are there dietary restrictions for type 2 diabetes?

It's important to regulate carbohydrate intake and focus on consuming whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins.

Are there specific exercises beneficial for type 2 diabetes?

Both aerobic exercises and strength training can improve insulin sensitivity and help manage the condition.

Can stress affect blood sugar levels?

Yes, stress and emotional upset can influence blood sugar levels, so stress management is important for those with diabetes.

How can family and friends support someone with type 2 diabetes?

Offering encouragement, participating in healthy activities together, and being understanding of the challenges can provide valuable support.

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